Sous la houlette de Roger Fauroux et Bernard Spitz, les meilleurs auteurs s'attachent à porter un diagnostic sur l'Etat en France, secteur par secteur, et à proposer des solutions et un ensemble cohérent de réformes. Les divers défis auxquels est soumis l'Etat contemporain (mondialisation économique, intégration européenne, décentralisation, exigence d'efficacité et de justice sociale, impartialité, gestion des personnels, rôle des hauts fonctionnaires, etc.) sont pris en compte, ainsi que les principaux secteurs d'intervention de celui-ci : finances et budget, police et justice, défense et diplomatie, éducation, culture, audiovisuel, santé, emploi et affaires sociales, sport, environnement, organisation des pouvoirs. Un ouvrage qui convainc par le sérieux de ses analyses, l'acuité du diagnostic, et la pertinence des hypothèses proposées. Une référence qui allie une vive critique des dysfonctionnements de l'Etat à une défense sans concession du service public.
State and Local Government Reforms in France and Germany
The edited book aims at comparatively analysing the development and current situation of state and local government reforms in France and Germany. The articles address State and administrative traditions, intergovernmental relations, decentralisation, administrative modernisation, public finances, public sector personnel, local democracy, local (mayoral) leadership and decentral/local social policy.
The Coordination of Public Sector Organizations
This book discusses the trajectories of creating specialized autonomous units. An analysis of the mechanisms and measures taken for granting autonomy to specialized autonomous units and subsequently to coordinating them back is described. The book shows a range of patterns in the dynamics of specialization and coordination over 25 years.
From the Active to the Enabling State
This book surveys the changing role of senior civil servants in Western Europe and explores whether they have kept their central role in government decision-making. Looking at these issues in comparative perspective, the contributors provide an insight into the causes and consequences of the changing role of officials.
Social Movements and Symbolic Power
The important theories of Pierre Bourdieu and Alain Touraine, discussed in this book, seek to explain and resolve the 'crisis of democracy'. They start from a critique of structural inequality in political, economic and social fields - so much in contrast to democratic principles. But their theoretical perspectives and social conclusions diverge. Bourdieu insists on the radical overthrow of dominant institutions and their control of knowledge ('symbolic power'). Touraine advocates reformist cooperation as well as contestation between social movements and political institutions. Their different approaches provide compelling insights into the 'democratic deficit' of modern society, that is, inability to overcome the widespread discrimination affecting women, the weaknesses of the environmental movement, persisting educational inequalities and the precarious nature of work in a global economy.
The New Custodians of the State
The New Custodians of the State uses contemporary France to reassess sociological theories of political and policymaking elites. Based on detailed case studies drawn from social policy and national defense sectors, it concludes that a new type of sectorally-based elite has risen to prominence in France since the 1980s. Genieys suggests that programmatic elites found in specific policy sectors, made up of individuals linked both by common career paths and the resulting skills and expertise, should be seen as new guardians of state power.Like their technocratic predecessors, programmatic elites maintain a high degree of independence with respect to electoral politics and to civil society; like them, they share an ideological commitment to protect and expand the role of the state in French society. Unlike them, however, these new guardians of the state are structured around specific policy programs and limited in scope to a given sector. Competition among programmatic elites at the highest levels of the state emerges as the chief driving force behind innovation for social change.The New Custodians of the State introduces programmatic elites both as real-world actors and as an analytic category and highlights the limits of elite power by analyzing the defeat of efforts by the French Ministry of Defense. This book presents a thought-provoking critical case study that suggests that models presenting either a single unified state elite or those that herald or decry the demise of the state require modification. The work will be of interest to students and scholars of France, and its society and government as well as anyone interested in the policymaking process in other countries with respect to domestic policy or national defense.
Globalisation Law and the State
Globalisation, Law and the State begins – as is customary in globalisation literature – with an acknowledgement of the definitional difficulties associated with globalisation. Rather than labour the point, the book identifies some economic, political and cultural dimensions to the phenomenon and uses these to analyse existing and emerging challenges to State-centric and territorial models of law and governance. It surveys three areas that are typically associated with globalisation – financial markets, the internet, and public contracts – as well as trade more generally, the environment, human rights, and national governance. On this basis it considers how global legal norms are formed, how they enmesh with the norms of other legal orders, and how they create pressure for legal harmonisation. This, in turn, leads to an analysis of the corresponding challenges that globalisation presents to traditional notions of sovereignty and the models of public law that have grown from them. While some of the themes addressed here will be familiar to students of the European process (there are prominent references to the European experience throughout the book), Globalisation, Law and the State provides a clear insight into how the sovereign space of States and their legal orders are diminishing and being replaced by an altogether more fluid system of intersecting orders and norms. This is followed by an analysis of the theory and practice of the globalisation of law, and a suggestion that the workings of law in the global era can best be conceived of in terms of networks that link together a range of actors that exist above, below and within the State, as well as on either side of the public-private divide. This book is an immensely valuable, innovative and concise study of globalisation and its effect on law and the state.
Droit de la fonction publique tat Collectivit s locales H pitaux
Le droit de la fonction publique comporte cinq éléments : - les règles générales applicables à la fonction publique, - le statut de la fonction publique, - le statut de la fonction publique territoriale, - le statut de la fonction publique hospitalière, - les statuts autonomes de la fonction publique (magistrats, militaires, etc.). Ce précis étudie successivement ces cinq éléments de façon assez détaillée, notamment quant à la quantité de références jurisprudentielles. En outre, il traite de manière assez approfondie la fonction publique territoriale et la fonction publique hospitalière.